Carbon Dioxide Production and Enrichment
Carbon dioxide (CO)is seen as a nutrient for plant growth. It is an essential component of photosynthesis, a chemical process through which plants use light energy to convert COand water into sugars in green plants. These sugars are then used for growth within the plant, through respiration. CO increases productivity through improved plant growth and vigour. Some ways in which productivity is increased by COinclude earlier flowering, higher fruit yields, reduced bud abortion in roses, improved stem strength and flower size. The concentration of CO outside the leaf strongly influences the rate of CO uptake by the plant. Increased COlevels will shorten the growing period (5%–10%), improve crop quality and yield, as well as, increase leaf size and leaf thickness.
Carbon dioxide can be obtained by burning carbon-based fuels such as propane, in specialized CO2 generators, located throughout the green house, or directly from tanks of pure CO. When propane is burned, not only COis produced, but also heat is generated that can supplement the normal heating system.
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